An Investigation of Capacity and Delay of Runway Configurations using the SIMMOD Simulation Model (1990)

Author: Han Yong Kim

Aviation delays are on the rise as a consequence of disproportionate growth of the air transportation demand. According to the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) in fiscal year 1987, U.S. commercial air carriers enplaned a total of 444.3 million passengers. Of this total, 415.0 million were counted as domestic enplanements and 29.3 million as international enplanements. Over the 12-year forecast period, domestic enplanements are forecast to increase by an average annual rate of 4.6 percent, totalling 713.7 million in 1999 as shown in Fig. 1.1. Aviation Week & Space Technology estimated the air travel demands would built up from 416 billion passengers revenue miles flown in 1988 to an 750 billion passenger revenue miles by 1999 with a 6% average growth rate. As these increases in air travel demand take place the level of delays seen today will correspondingly increase thus reducing the levels of service offered to the average passenger. The Federal Aviation Administration concluded that 21 U.S. major airports had exceeded 20,000 hours of airline flight delays in 1987. The FAA also forecasted that the number of airports which could exceed 20,000 hours of annual aircraft delay would be projected to grow from 21 to 39, unless capacity improvements are made.

From the economical point of view, current statistics show that approximately three billion dollars are paid by air travelers due to the delay in U.S. alone. Therefore, proper actions are required to identify and facilitate a reduction in flight delays and prevent their projected growth. According to the FAA these actions include


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